Understanding what skin type you have and how your skin adapts to certain circumstances (such as the weather) is important to maintaining a healthy and balanced complexion. Knowing your skin type will allow you to create a skincare routine that fits you. If your skin produces too much oil, for example, it wouldn’t make sense to slather on a thick cream day and night because it may just sit on your skin and clog your pores. Alternatively, if you have dry skin, it would be better to have multiple hydrating and moisturizing products in your routine in order to get rid of the flakiness.
So here’s a nifty guide to help you determine your skin type. Plus, tips on how to take care of your skin depending on your skin type.
Dry skin is a skin type caused by the lack of oil production in the skin. If you have dry skin, your face typically feels itchy or tight. Oftentimes, you experience noticeable flaking or scaling of the skin. Genetics, environmental factors such as your diet, hormonal changes, and climate are all factors to having dry skin.
- Try to avoid alcohol and sulfate-based products, as these ingredients can dry out your skin even further. The Klairs Supple Preparation Facial Toner contains no alcohol and is adored for its super hydrating and nourishing properties.
- Ingesting alcohol and caffeine contribute to dry skin, so avoid too much drinking!
- Avoid using really hot water when showering since it removes moisture from the skin.
- Look for products that contain antioxidants, as they protect the skin from external elements and maintain the skin’s ability to retain moisture. The J.One Black Jelly Pack is supercharged with antioxidants from seaweed, black cumin, and sugarcane, minimizing dry patches and making the complexion glow.
- Include multiple hydrating and moisturizing products in your routine. Ingredients such as hyaluronic acid, ceramides, aloe vera, and shea butter. The Klairs Rich Moist Soothing Cream is packed with hyaluronic acid, ceramides, shea butter, and other plant-based extracts to keep the skin soft and moisturized all day long.
Normal refers to a well-balanced skin. A person with normal skin can get away with just doing the bare minimum for their skin — cleansing. This is because they do not have to deal with itchiness and flakiness (signs of dry skin) or large pores and greasiness (signs of oily skin). However, having a normal skin type does not mean you can skip out on taking care of your skin. You’ve already won the skincare lottery, now you have to keep your prize by preventing the problems that you currently don’t have (such as sun damage, fine lines, wrinkles).
- Use a gentle, effective cleanser that leaves your skin feeling clean and soft. Stay clear of cleansers that do the opposite (dry and tight). It may seem like a good sign, but it’s not! A cleanser that dries out your skin and gives it a tight feeling may already be stripping your skin of its natural oils, which is essential to maintaining a healthy complexion. The Tosowoong Enzyme Powder Wash gives the skin a thorough clean while maintaining its suppleness.
- Use a toner that nourishes the skin and a lightweight moisturizer that gives just the right amount of hydration and moisture.
Products that contain a non-irritating AHA or BHA property are highly recommended in order to maintain the skin’s suppleness. The By Wishtrend Mandelic Acid 5% Skin Prep Water is formulated with mandelic acid, a gentler kind of AHA that’s extracted from bitter almonds. It’s
- Do not consume too much alcohol, since it decreases the body’s ability to reabsorb water (which may lead to dehydrated skin).
- Prevent aging by including antioxidant-rich products in your routine and applying sunscreen!
Oily skin is characterized by shiny, greasy skin and is vulnerable to whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples. It’s caused by the skin’s sebaceous glands producing too much oil (or sebum). The overproduction may be due to factors like genetics, hormones, or humid climates. The logical solution to fixing oily skin is to dry the skin out using harsh treatments, but this is not the way to go. Forcefully stripping the skin of its natural oils will only lead to your skin producing even more to compensate for the loss. The key to balancing oily skin through skincare is to use lightweight, gentle products that prevent the skin’s sebaceous glands from going into overdrive.
- Add an oil-based cleanser into your routine to remove oil-based impurities such as sunscreen, makeup, and pollution. The Heimish All Clean Balm is your best bet! This travel-friendly oil cleanser comes in beautiful packaging and performs just as well. It removes makeup effortlessly without leaving your skin dry and taught.
- Avoid using products that immediately leave your skin feeling dry and tight. Usually, these are the products that feature alcohol as the main ingredient.
- Exfoliation is your best friend. Whether physical or chemical, exfoliation will help prevent the formation of acne. It provides other benefits too, such as lightening pigmentation and preventing fine lines and wrinkles. The Klairs Gentle Black Sugar Facial Polish gently sloughs away blackheads and dead skin using black sugar, revealing baby-smooth skin!
- Eat foods that are rich in antioxidants (e.g., blueberries, apples and whole grains) and omega-3 fatty acids (e.g., salmon, tuna and walnuts).
- Avoid fats and sugars in your diet because these can aggravate oily skin. Stick to fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins.
If you have combination skin, then your skin is a mix of the three skin types mentioned above. You may be normal in some areas, but dry/oily in others. Usually, it is the T-zone that gets oily, while the cheek areas remain dry or normal. In essence, people with combination skin types are dealing with two kinds of skin types. So in order to balance this type of skin, it is advisable to use different products per area.
- Use a lightweight, gel-type moisturizer for oily areas, and a rich, cream-type moisturizer for your normal/dry areas. The Benton Aloe Soothing Gel contains aloe and propolis to not only hydrate, but also soothe and brighten the complexion.
- Exfoliate once or twice a week in order to prevent congestion in your T-zone. The CosRX AHA Whitehead Power Liquid keeps the pores clean, preventing acne from forming.
- Look for a nourishing toner to help balance the overall complexion. The ACWELL Licorice pH Balancing Cleansing Toner contains 10% of licorice root, which is known for soothing and even regulating oil production. The best part? This toner helps in fading dark marks and brightening the complexion!
What about sensitive skin, you ask? Well, sensitive skin isn’t really a skin type because you can be dry-sensitive or normal-sensitive (and so on). In this sense, sensitive skin is a skin condition, just like how you can have oily-dehydrated or dry-acne-prone skin. Sensitive skin is characterized by redness and/or a stinging sensation. If majority of the products you apply on your face (from cleansers to foundations) cause stinging or redness, then you may have sensitive skin. Dehydrated skin, on the other hand, refers to skin that lacks water (not oil). It’s normally caused by external elements such as your lifestyle choices (e.g., excessive consumption of alcohol), diet (e.g., lack of fresh fruits and vegetables), and the weather. Dehydrated skin translates into itchiness, increased skin sensitivity, and dull skin. Acne-prone skin is skin that is prone to acne.
Remember to stay in touch with your skin and its needs. Your skin type can change as you age, and even a shift in the weather can make your skin drier or oilier than usual. Keeping your skin regularly in check to determine whether any changes are needed your skincare routine will keep your skin balanced, radiant and beautiful.
Cover photo by @nautikalmiles (from tumblr.com)
Article by Sarah Mendoza